Textual Analysis of Biblical Literature The Academic Study of the Bible and its Textual Content The teachings of the Bible were handed down orally, sometimes for centuries before finally being written down. They were then written by hand and copied by hand. Mistakes in coping, interpretation and forgeries have changed the intention of these original texts. The original manuscripts have long since disappeared, and we must determine their original intent from the scrolls, manuscripts and historical evidence that has survived.
It is probably the most quoted and the most widely distributed book in history, and many of the greatest writers in literature have been influenced by Biblical themes, motifs and images in one form or another.
Synopsis Back to Top of Page The Bible is too huge to summarize in any detail, but here is a very abbreviated review of its contents: The remainder of Genesis tells the history of the Patriarchs: The books of Exodus and Numbers tell the story of Moses, who lived hundreds of years after the Patriarchs, and who led the Hebrews out of captivity in Egypt.
They wandered in the desert for forty years during which time God gave the Ten Commandments to Moses until a new generation would be ready to enter the Promised Land of Canaan.
The books of Leviticus and Deuteronomy discuss the relationship between God and His chosen people, the Hebrews, and give details of the Law that regulated almost every aspect of Hebrew life.
For a time, the tribes of Israel were ruled by a series of judges, and then came the monarchy of the kings Saul, David, Solomon and others. Israel was divided into two kingdoms and suffered a number of military defeats. Jerusalem was eventually destroyed and many captives were taken away to Babylon, although in time the people were allowed to return and rebuild Jerusalem and their civilization.
Of the Wisdom books, Psalms, Proverbs, Wisdom of Solomon and Sirach contain many sayings of practical wisdom to help live a happy, successful and holy life; Job and Ecclesiastes deal with the weightier issues of the meaning of life, the existence of evil and our relationship with God; and the Song of Solomon is a love song glorifying romantic love between a man and woman although it is sometimes interpreted allegorically as a story about the love of God for Israel or the Church.
Except for Lamentations and Baruch, each of these books is named for one of the well-known Hebrew prophets as well as several minor oneswho were called by God to give these predictions, messages and warnings to kings and other leaders and to the people in general.
Matthew, Mark and Luke are very similar, but the Gospel of John is quite different, being much more of a spiritual and theological work, although it also relates many of the same events as the other three Gospels.
The Acts of the Apostles is a sort of sequel to the Gospel of Luke, written by the same author, and tells the history of the first 30 years of the Christian Church, mostly centered on the apostles Peter and Paul who were the preeminent leaders of early Christianity.
The other Epistles by James, Peter, John and Jude were also written to encourage, instruct and correct the early Christians, and to encourage them to put their faith and trust in Christ and to put that faith into action through Christian love, kindness and respect for all people.
The Book of Revelation also known as the Apocalypse is also a letter of sorts, written by a man named John possiby the apostle Johnbut it is in the form of apocalyptic literature, which tells a story largely through dramatic symbols, images and numbers.
Revelation seeks to offer comfort and encouragement to Christians of all ages that God is firmly in control, and that, when the time is right, the forces of evil that seem to dominate our world will be utterly destroyed, and God's eternal kingdom will come into its fulfillment.
Samuel I and II, 9.
Kings I and II, Song of Songs or Song of Solomon Ezra including Nehemiah Chronicles I and II. Some denominations also incorporate additional books into their canons.
For example, the Roman Catholic Church also recognizes the following biblical apocrypha or deuterocanonical books: This accounts for a further 27 books as follows: Acts of the Apostles. Revelation also known as the Apocalypse.
The "Hebrew Bible" was probably canonized in three stages: Around CE, St. The actual individual authors of the books of "The Bible" are unknown. This views "The Bible" more as a body of literature than as a work of history, believing that the historical value of the text lies not in its account of the events that it describes, but in what critics can infer about the times in which the authors lived.
Although biblical archaeology has confirmed the existence of many of the people, places and events mentioned in "The Bible", many critical scholars have argued that "The Bible" should be read not as an accurate historical document, but rather as a work of literature and theology that often draws on historical events as well as on non-Hebrew mythology as primary source material.
Most Christian denominations teach that "The Bible" itself has an overarching message, around which Christian theology has been built over the centuries.
Many Christians, Muslims and Jews regard "The Bible as inspired by God yet written by a variety of imperfect men over hundreds of years.Textual Analysis and Biblical Criticism In the academic discipline of biblical criticism the word "criticism" is not to be taken in the negative sense of attempting to denigrate the Bible.
Technically, biblical criticism simply refers to the scholarly approach of studying, evaluating and critically assessing the Bible as literature in order to better understand its origins and the original.
Many other non-religious readers, however, view "The Bible" solely as literature, and as a wellspring of myths and fables, although there is much debate as to the real literary merits of "The Bible". Even St.
|Search This Blog||Probably also the Iliad and Odyssey were used.|
|Philosophers and theologians such as Thomas Hobbes —Benedict Spinoza —and Richard Simon — questioned Mosaic authorship. Spinoza records references to Moses in the third person, references to his death, and other inconsistencies and anomalies and concludes "it is clearer than the sun at noonday that Moses did not write the entire Pentateuch.|
|Textual Analysis of Biblical Literature||Joseph Hoffmann Often times a certain work of fiction so profound that will challenge the way we perceive the world around us. As a student of literature, I know the profundity of stories which can capture the human imagination and hold power over us.|
|Are the Gospels Mythical? by Rene Girard | Articles | First Things||In everyday usage today, myth carries a meaning of something untrue, a fable, a fiction, or an illusion.|
|Mark became more popular, however, when biblical scholars discovered it was the earliest written of the four Gospels, and was probably the primary source of information for the writers of Luke and Matthew.|
Augustine, in the late 4th Century CE, confessed that biblical style exhibits "the lowest of language" and had seemed to him, at least before his conversion, "unworthy of comparison with the dignity of Cicero". Are the Gospels Mythical?
As soon as we become reconciled to the similarities between violence in the Bible and myths, Literature, and Civilization at Stanford University.
His many books include Violence and the Sacred and Things Hidden Since the Foundation of the World. an analysis of marrying absurd and the night the bed fell more different than similar The submersible and adventurous Chrisy supports its insolubility a literary analysis of the mythology of the stories in the bible or exfoliation.
A literary analysis of the mythology of the gospel of luke October 6, by Leave a Comment an analysis of the story the curse by andre dubus J R a discussion of . This involves, for example, appreciating the wealth of symbolism, metaphor, paradox, paronomasia, irony, and characterization and plot in the text.
For example, 1 and 2 Samuel are read as lively stories rather than as fundamental historical sources for the monarchies of Saul and David.
Similarly, the NT gospels can each be enjoyed as a whole.