Focusing in on the recurring themes, characters and settings used throughout the novel one sees how Dracula has set the standard for Gothic literature today. The theme in Dracula is that classic Gothic theme of the epic battle of good versus evil.
Introduction In this paper I will examine Stoker's novel Dracula in order to determine whether it belongs to the Gothic genre or not.
Firstly, a short history of the Gothic novel will be presented and the most important authors and works of the era will be mentioned. Furthermore, the different characteristics of the Gothic genre will be examined in order to compare them with Stoker's work.
Aspects like nature, surroundings, atmosphere, the role of the women in the Gothic novel, the Gothic villain, will be compared with the elements found in Dracula. Another question that will have to be answered is, what makes Gothic novels so attractive.
The breaking of certain taboos is essential to accomplish this atmosphere of danger and fear, and it will be examined whether Dracula contains any of these elements.
There also appear certain features and fears connected to the Victorian era such as loss of the Empire; invasion from a foreign land; degeneration of the stock; the constant development of science and its influence on religion; the attitude of the Victorian society towards eroticism.
It will be examined whether Stoker addresses those fears and ideas indirectly through his novel. What is a gothic novel? According to the Oxford Companion to English Literature 1 "Gothic" is a style of architecture found in Western Europe from the 12th to the 16th century, characterized by the pointed arch, the ribbed vault and the clustered pillars.
The name was primarily used in connection with someone who behaves like a barbarian, due to the primitive and destructive Germanic tribe of the Goths, who during the 3rd and 5th centuries invaded the Eastern and Western Empires.
The Oxford English Dictionary has 5 different definitions of the word; it is connected to the Goths or their language; it is a characteristic of the Middle Ages, mediaeval, romantic as opposed to classical; it is a synonym for barbarous, rude, savage; it is used "for some kind of written character resembling black letter"; a style of architecture2.
Knowing now the etymology of the word, let us examine what the experts say about the gothic novel. In the Glossary of Literary Terms M.
Abrams defines the genre as a type of fiction which was introduced by Horace Walpole's Castle of Otranto, a Gothic Storywhich flourished in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries3. Horace Walpole gave himself the pseudonym Onuphrio Muralto in order to conceal the fact that he had written the novel.
The critics were hostile but the public received the novel with great enthusiasm. Walpole's novel introduced us to the basic elements of the Gothic: However, we should not forget the main aim of the author, namely, to evoke fear, grandeur and awe in the soul of the reader4.
By the middle of the 19th century the Gothic novel seemed to come to its end; the term Gothic was used only in its architectural context. Paradoxically, the conditions in which it had flourished - the way of thinking during the period of the enlightenment, empirical science, Protestant religion, nationalism, superstition5 - were again intensified towards the end of the century and novels of the genre appeared again.
It seemed that the genre had something very attractive for the reader and almost every novel was a success. Part of this success was to be explained by the Victorian pleasure in horror and darkness, and the growing interest in sexuality and sexual taboos. Almost every writer tried to write something in this darker genre, even if only a tale.
Expectations of horror, fear, anxiety and of evil were very popular at the time and co-existed with the Victorian novel. Furthermore, it is not strange that the new genre of detective and science fiction became so popular at the time.
Some of the authors that became famous for their dark stories included J. Especially Le Fanu was a role-model for later gothic authors, because of his stories. In his collection In a Glass Darkly we find a vampire story Carmilla, which is referred to as one of the first vampire stories that deal with vampirism and perverse sexuality lesbianism.
Abraham Stoker's Dracula 2.
He worked as a theatrical manager and closest friend of the London actor Sir Henry Irving. Stoker wrote Dracula more than 60 years after Maturin's novel Melmoth the Wanderer, which is why the question whether it is a Gothic novel or not comes up in the first place.
The novel begins with Jonathan Harker's trip to Transylvania8 where he is to meet Count Dracula, a vampire, who wants to buy a real estate in London. Jonathan is trapped in the castle and is threatened by three female vampires, while Dracula manages to reach London.
A group of people under the leadership of Abraham Van Helsing - a scientist from Holland - start a search for Dracula in order to eliminate him.
Dracula and Van Helsing are the two opposite characters in the story, representing the evil and the good father figure. Her opposites are Lucy Westenra - her once best friend - and the three female vampires in Dracula's castle.
The other men in the novel are: John Seward, psychiatrist and best friend of Van Helsing. All three are loyal, brave, honest and in love with Lucy and will try to avenge her death.
The story is a collection of diary entries, letters, newspaper articles and phonographic records. The text is very vivid, because of the constant - and at the same time elegant - change from beautiful landscape descriptions to action- scenes; almost every chapter ends with a cliff-hanger, which means that an episode finds an abrupt end in order to heighten the suspense of the reader.Present but, dracula dracula gothic novels contain primitive, 's the gothic, dracula characters and fairy tale, this thesis death in interview with mina is a familiar in bram stoker's dracula research paper provides an essay analysis essay essaywedstrijd liefdes wrath of the element is quintessentially victorian gothic mode of these gothic.
The book Dracula by Bram Stoker is about an assistant real estate agent Jonathan Harker, who travels to the Carpathian Mountains of Transylvania to arrange a real estate deal with a Count Dracula, who lives in an ancient medieval castle.
Bram Stoker's Dracula is a true Gothic novel that belongs on any gothic literature course. Focusing in on the recurring themes, characters and settings used throughout the novel one sees how Dracula has set the standard for Gothic literature today. The theme in Dracula is that classic Gothic theme.
In Gothic literature death is a very common theme. I think this is because what the gothic style is used in. Generally horror stories make up most of the gothic genre.
In Dracula many innocent people died in the pursuit of Dracula’s demise. All of those deaths made me dislike Dracula a little bit more.
When the Wives were killed I was cheering in my head. In the Gothic horror novel, Dracula, the author, Bram Stoker, an Irish author from the mid- to lateth century, introduces the most famous vampire character of all time, Count Dracula. The gothic novel, Dracula, is based on Count Dracula who is a centuries-old vampire and inhabits a decaying castle in Transylvania.
The novel begins with our storyteller Jonathan Harker travelling to Dracula’s castle in Transylvania.