Enhance innovation What would you add to the list? So, if changes are occurring in your organization — strategic changes, tactical changes, leadership changes, technology changes — then those changes are going to have impacts and effects on your people, processes and performance. This helps to minimize possible negative outcomes and increase positive results. Change itself is a process — managing it, leading it, achieving it is also a process and one that should not be viewed and managed with a one size fits all approach.
Essay on organisational culture Organisational Culture J. Steven Ott and Abdul M. They collectively determine the areas in which an organization can place claims on employees' energies, enthusiasms, and loyalties.
As we all know, a manager can use Organizational change learning and performance management essay authority to issue formal policies prohibiting or requiring specific acts, types of behavior, and compliance. However, we also know that few managers can use authority to mandate positive attitudes, creativity, or respect or to mandate risk taking on behalf of an agency or its clients.
Organizational Culture usually refers to how people feel about the organization, their perception of management and the authority system, and the degree of employee involvement and commitment to attainment of organizational goals.
Managers need to learn that where culture may matter most is in its impact on the strategy and structure pitted against employee behaviour. The simplest definition is 'Culture is how things are done around here' Drennan, Therefore, organizational culture is the life blood of an organization because it shapes and directs behaviours towards the desired destination of the organization.
However, in this instance, it should be noted that 'organizational cultures will vary in strength and stability as a function of the length and emotional intensity of their actual history from the moment they were founded' Schein, Thus, OCB is a key driver of organizational survival Organ, Similarly, Organ described such behaviours as discretionary in nature and often outside the normal and prescribed roles an employee is required to perform in the organization.
The performance of such behaviours does not attract any reward in the organization. People do not just engage in OCB. One variable which has been found to facilitate positive workplace behaviours is organizational culture.
As we try to get things done that involve other groups, we often discover that they do not communicate with each other and that the level of conflict between groups in the organizations is often astonishingly high.
By implication, a good corporate culture enhances cooperation and team spirit which are needed for organizations to succeed.
This paper will discuss the bearing which organizational culture and climate have on both management and employee behaviours. The paper will also define key terms such as organizational culture and climate, organizational citizenship behaviours OCB and counterproductive workplace behaviours CWB.
A conclusion will be derived in support or not in support of the assertion that organizational culture and climate can have a bearing on employee behaviors.
For purposes of this answer the team has adopted the following definitions: Organizational Culture Organizational Climate Organisational Citizenship Behaviour OCB 'Individual behaviour that is discretionary, not directly or explicitly recognized by the formal reward system and that in the aggregate promotes the effective functioning of the organization.
Altruism refers to behaviours directed towards helping or cooperating with other employees in face to face interactions on organizationally relevant issues e. Sportsmanship has to do with the willingness of an employee to tolerate the inevitable inconveniences and impositions of work without complaining e.
Courtesy deals with employee's actions directed toward the prevention of problems encountered by work associates e. Civic Virtue this has to do with an individuals' participation in the political life of an organization in a responsible manner e.
All these supportive behaviours add up to enhancement of efficiency and effectiveness of the organization. These behaviors can harm organizations or people in organizations including employees and clients, customers, or patients.
It has been proposed that a person-by-environment interaction can be utilized to explain a variety of counterproductive behaviors. For instance, an employee who is high on anger trait is more likely to respond to a stressful incident involving a superior at work with CWB.
Individual attributes that lead to the breakdown of OCB in organizations include; emotions, values, attitudes, perceptions and personality. It is the abuse of public resources or misconduct for personal and private gain.
It is further noted that 'corruption thrives in societies where religious, traditional, ethical teaching and standards are weak and where punishment is weak'. Essay UK - http: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Management essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question?
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About this resource This Management essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies.Apr 14, · Organizational growth strategies, performance management, individual and organizational learning, change management, competency-based management, and organizational culture and leadership.
job performance management, performance of employees, pay structure, and compensation ad- ministration. The paper suggested that given the organizational context of the study, each of.
These include organizational development, organizational and social psychology, learning sciences and organizational learning.
We also draw from the fields of strategy, change management, knowledge management, social networking, coaching and design. Search for more papers by this author. Ronald Recardo is the managing partner of the Catalyst Consulting Group in Cromwell, Connecticut.
He has written two books and several articles on topics ranging from strategic change management and organizational effectiveness to process reengineering and quality management.
Change is the only constant we should expect in the workplace, and therefore, we must rid ourselves of traditional, hierarchal organizational structures that are often change-averse, or undergo change only as a reaction to external events (Johnson ).
Learning organizations embrace change and constantly create reference points to precipitate. Database of FREE Management essays - We have thousands of free essays across a wide range of subject areas. Sample Management essays! ExxonMobil Change Management Strategy.
Performance appraisal is nothing but the assessment of employee’s performance and meeting the set targets.
In India appraisal is done on yearly basis.