The phenomenon of heuristics in the notion of rationality

You have been an academic in AI for more than 25 years during which time you mainly worked on reinforcement learning.

The phenomenon of heuristics in the notion of rationality

The inclination to see past events as being more predictable than they actually were; also called the "I-knew-it-all-along" effect. Humor effect That humorous items are more easily remembered than non-humorous ones, which might be explained by the distinctiveness of humor, the increased cognitive processing time to understand the humor, or the emotional arousal caused by the humor.

In other words, a person is more likely to believe a familiar statement than an unfamiliar one. Inaccurately remembering a relationship between two events. See also spacing effect. Leveling and sharpening Memory distortions introduced by the loss of details in a recollection over time, often concurrent with sharpening or selective recollection of certain details that take on exaggerated significance in relation to the details or aspects of the experience lost through leveling.

Both biases may be reinforced over time, and by repeated recollection or re-telling of a memory. For example, consider a list of 30 items "L30" and a list of items "L".A short primer on core ideas from behavioral economics.


By Alain Samson, PhD, editor of the BE Guide and founder of the BE Group. A massive, thorough, guide to becoming antifragile and position yourself to profit when the future is unknown.

The phenomenon of heuristics in the notion of rationality

Based on Nassim Taleb's book, Antifragile. Over the last ten years, argumentation has come to be increasingly central as a core study within Artificial Intelligence (AI). The articles forming this volume reflect a variety of important trends, developments, and applications covering a range of current topics relating to the theory and applications of argumentation.

Decision Making Heuristics. Heuristics are general decision making strategies people use that are based on little information, yet very often correct; heuristics are mental short cuts that reduce the cognitive burden associated with decision making (Shah & Oppenheimer, ).

for rational behavior. An alternative notion of rationality takes into consideration the ecological nature of human cognition, and argues that instead of one mighty hammer, we have many adaptive tools at our disposal and routinely rely on these heuristics. However, heuristics have often been equated with systematic biases.

The notion of bounded rationality has recently gained considerable popularity in in particular as a justifier of non-standard reasoning and deliberation heuristics. For each of these usages, the overview discusses the central methodological problems. phenomenon. Allais’ idea was to find two pair-wise choices such that.

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