Finally and fatally there was abolitionism, the antislavery movement.
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Although abolitionist feelings had been strong during the American Revolution and in the Upper South during the s, the abolitionist movement did not coalesce into a militant crusade until the s.
In the previous decade, as much of the North underwent the social disruption associated with the spread of manufacturing and commerce, powerful evangelical religious movements arose to impart spiritual direction to society. By the early s, Theodore D. In Decemberthe Tappans, Garrison, and sixty other delegates of both races and genders met in Philadelphia to found the American Anti-Slavery Society, which denounced slavery as a sin that must be abolished immediately, endorsed nonviolence, and condemned racial prejudice.
Bythe society had received substantial moral and financial support from African-American communities in the North and had established hundreds of branches throughout the free states, flooding the North with antislavery literature, agents, and petitions demanding that Congress end all federal support for slavery.
All these activities provoked widespread hostile responses from North and South, most notably violent mobs, the burning of mailbags containing abolitionist literature, and the passage in the U. These developments, and especially the murder of abolitionist editor Elijah Lovejoy, led many northerners, fearful for their own civil liberties, to vote for antislavery politicians and brought important converts such as Wendell PhillipsGerrit Smith, and Edmund Quincy to the cause.
Internal Rifts Develop But as antislavery sentiment began to appear in politics, abolitionists also began disagreeing among themselves. Disputes over these matters split the American Anti-Slavery Society inleaving Garrison and his supporters in command of that body; his opponents, led by the Tappans, founded the American and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society.
Meanwhile, still other foes of Garrison launched the Liberty party with James G.
Birney as its presidential candidate in the elections of and Although African-American activists often complained with reason of the racist and patronizing behavior of white abolitionists, the whites did support independently conducted crusades by African-Americans to outlaw segregation and improve education during the s and s.
Especially after the passage of the Fugitive Slave Actwhite abolitionists also protected African-Americans threatened with capture as escapees from bondage, although blacks themselves largely managed the Underground Railroad. Most abolitionists reluctantly supported the Republican party, stood by the Union in the secession crisis, and became militant champions of military emancipation during the Civil War.
The movement again split inwhen Garrison and his supporters asserted that the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment abolishing slavery made continuation of the American Anti-Slavery Society unnecessary.
But a larger group led by Wendell Phillips, insisting that only the achievement of complete political equality for all black males could guarantee the freedom of the former slaves, successfully prevented Garrison from dissolving the society. It continued until to demand land, the ballot, and education for the freedman.
Only when the Fifteenth Amendment extending male suffrage to African-Americans was passed did the society declare its mission completed.
Traditions of racial egalitarianism begun by abolitionists lived on, however, to inspire the subsequent founding of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People in The Abolitionists and American Slavery Eric Foner and John A.Abolitionism (or the abolitionist movement) is the movement to end slavery.
This term can be used formally or informally. This term can be used formally or informally.
In Western Europe and the Americas, abolitionism is a historical movement in effort to end the African . I. Introduction. The early nineteenth century was a period of immense change in the United States. Economic, political, demographic, and territorial transformations radically altered how Americans thought about themselves, their communities, and the rapidly expanding nation.
Start studying US History Chapter Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Search. The chief example of the tie between revivalism and abolitionism was the career of.
Theodore Weld. US History Chapter 50 terms. US History Ch 50 terms. US History Ch 50 terms. Early America. Most authorities believe that the Western hemisphere was populated at the end of the last ice age when a lowered ocean level exposed a land bridge that Asian peoples traversed to North America..
Later, the arriving European settlers discovered the existence of extensive civilizations. The activists involved hoped to make significant changes in society, including expanding rights and freedoms to a larger group of people living in the US.
Two of the most influential were the anti- slavery or abolitionist movement, and the women’s rights movement. Abolitionist Movement summary: The Abolitionist movement in the United States of America was an effort to end slavery in a nation that valued personal freedom and believed “all men are created equal.” Over time, abolitionists grew more strident in their demands, and slave owners entrenched in response, fueling regional divisiveness that.