Definition Bullying synonyms There is no universal definition of bullying, however, it is widely agreed upon that bullying is a subcategory of aggressive behavior characterized by the following three minimum criteria: The Norwegian researcher Dan Olweus  says bullying occurs when a person is "exposed, repeatedly and over time, to negative actions on the part of one or more other persons". He says negative actions occur "when a person intentionally inflicts injury or discomfort upon another person, through physical contact, through words or in other ways.
More Essay Examples on Abuse Rubric Although there are many causes and circumstances in which bullying takes place, one of the most prevalent social representation on bullying causes is to view bullying as a reaction to deviance Thornberg, Consequently, bullying others simply because they appear different in some way is most common.
Typically among young adults, physically smaller peers, those with physical disabilities or are socially passive are commonly targets of bullying. Among young adults especially at schoolstudents that are overweight, intelligent, dress or speak differently, and have different physical features are more often the targets of bullying.
Among adults, those who have different socio-economic status, different cultural values, lower professional status in the workplace, and different views on gender roles or sexuality are frequently targets of bullying.
Another most frequently used social representation on bullying causes refers to the explanation of bullying as social positioning; in other words, bullying takes place because it is an expression of a struggle for status, popularity, power, or friends Thornberg, Quite often the need to appear popular among peers or influential among friends motivates bullies to target victims; particularly in social situations.
Bullying Preventions Anti-Bullying Movements and Legislation Within the last decade, as research has expanded and individual awareness of bullying has increased, several cultural movements against bullying have gained popularity; especially among youth, youth organizations, and in the marketing and advertising world.
Violent acts such as suicide that appeared to be a direct result of bullying has garnered much media attention and consequently, has influenced celebrities and influential people to develop campaigns against bullying designed to increase awareness.
Television and social media has been instrumental in the expansion of these anti-bullying movements. Anti-Bullying Legislation in U.
States Along with these anti-bullying campaigns, recent history has also seen an increased demand especially in the U. The more violent acts resulting from bullying has traditionally and especially recently become the object of media attention.
This increase in legislation is a clear indication that bullying, its scope, and its effects are not only becoming more prevalent but its negative effects on the individual, group, community, and country are becoming better understood and more readily addresses.
Bullying Interventions Responses to Bullying Although most individuals disapprove of bullying, very few intervene and sometimes directly promote the behavior with their unwillingness to address the bully or assist the victim.
Often, bullying happens in the presence of groups of uninvolved bystanders. Research has indicated that if a bully encounters a negative response from an individual or group, it clearly challenges the behavior of the bully and indicates that the group views the behavior as unacceptable.
This intervention has the potential to decrease the likelihood of the behavior continuing and create an environment or culture that rejects the behavior altogether.
Open communication, conversation, and discussions with peers, parents, and psychologists, appear to be the most effective influence of individuals becoming more comfortable with intervening when bullying occurs. Those who have been the targets of bullying can suffer from long- term emotional and behavioral problems.
Bullying can cause loneliness, depression, anxiety, lead to low self-esteem and increased susceptibility to illness. Consequently, the emotional, verbal, or physical effects of bullying can affect life-span development; particularly cognitive development. The rejected child develops social cognitive biases that paradoxically result in repetition of the original, problematic behavior.
With less opportunity to mix with the group, the rejected child has fewer opportunities for social practice and the long term prediction is one of maladaptive functioning Dixon, Will criminalizing cyberbullying keep children and adults from being a jerk to others online?
Workplace bullying is a persistent pattern of mistreatment from others in the workplace that causes either physical or emotional harm. It can include such tactics as verbal, nonverbal, psychological, physical abuse and schwenkreis.com type of workplace aggression is particularly difficult because, unlike the typical school bully, workplace bullies often operate within the established rules.
Bullying in Schools I’m a firm believer in treat others how you would like to be treated, that’s the number one rule and it should be carried out in every aspect of life.
What is bullying?Bullying is repeated verbal, physical, social or psychological aggressive behavior by a person or group directed towards a less powerful person or group that is intended to cause harm, distress or fear.
Bullying in Schools I’m a firm believer in treat others how you would like to be treated, that’s the number one rule and it should be carried out in every aspect of life. What is bullying?Bullying is repeated verbal, physical, social or psychological aggressive behavior by a person or group directed towards a less powerful person or group that is intended to cause harm, distress or fear.
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