The original reply, if it ever existed, has not survived; however, in the s an amateur ethnographer from Yekaterinoslav today DniproYa.
Gold plates with Phoenician and Etruscan writing You might imagine that something as simple and basic as the alphabet would have been around forever. But of course it hasn't. As you may well know, the elaborate pictures of Egyptian hieroglyphics and the intricate reed-poked-into-clay marks of Mesopotamian cuneiform used to be the way people communicated in writing.
Gradually these were simplified into syllable symbols instead of word symbols, but were still fairly daunting and only a few scholars ever learned to write.
We are often told that the Phoenicians invented the alphabet, though some debate this.
Regardless of who put pen to papyrus to create it, the Phoenician contribution was none-the-less major and critical. They were the major sea-traders of the Mediterranean, and they went everywhere. Every country which had a seashore seems to have done trade with them.
When the Phoenicians began using the alphabet as a simple and easy way to keep track of their trades, it was exposed to everyone. And since money and wealth were involved, people were highly motivated to learn the system and make sure it was being accurately written down.
This new method proved to be so much better than previous methods that it soon was being used by many people and many languages. It had been given so much momentum that it could not be stopped. It consisted of 22 consonants.
The reader was assumed to speak the language, so they would know what sound to put between the consonants. Of course, looking back at their inscriptions a few thousand years later, it is not so obvious. That is one reason why you will see different spellings for the same word or name. The ancient and modern-day translators just did the best they could.
Phoenician Alphabet Phoenician alphabet -- note their writing reads right to left, and that some symbols were later re-used and made into vowels.
The refined combination worked very well. It enabled the philosophy of Socrates and the theater plays of Euripides -- among many other great works of literature -- to be passed down to us. Writing On the Incirli Stela, Greek writing deep incisions was cut into the earlier Phoenician text The Etruscans in Italy were familiar with the Phoenician alphabet, as shown on the Pyrgi gold plates at the top and bottom of this page.
Their plate on the left was written in Phoenician, and the other one in Etruscan.*Ticket prices listed do not include fees and tax. Fifteen of the Triangle's songwriters have banded together to produce a compilation CD and a live concert to benefit Chapel Hill chocolate shop Special Treats..
Special Treats is a dessert shop that sells chocolates made by people with disabilities and hires local disabled workers. schwenkreis.com: Accessible Writing The EServer is a digital humanities venture, founded in and based in the College of LAS at Iowa State U, where writers, editors and scholars publish over 35, works, schwenkreis.com site is dedicated to clear, accessible writing in the humanities.
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To talk about paintings, and art in general, you need the vocabulary to describe, analyze, and interpret what you're seeing. Thinking of the right words becomes easier the more art terms you know, which is where this list comes in. Preface. I created Writing About Art as the text for a course of the same name at The City College of New York.
The book explains the different approaches college students encounter in undergraduate art history classes.
Each chapter outlines the characteristics of one type of visual or historical analysis, and briefly explains its history and development. Titles: Underline, Italics, or Quotations?
(printable version here) When writing about other works, it's hard to decide when to underline (or place in italics) a title and when to place it in double quotations. Note that some publications have a "house style" that must be followed. For names of artwork, always use italics or underlining: ex.